Footwear production begins with cutting better known as “clicking” from the slight sound the old knives used to make and which hand cutting still makes with a clicking knife. A skilled worker cuts out the upper and the lining, after checking the quality of the leather to prevent any defects, then follow the seaming preparation.
Then the uppers are “closed”. This stage phase comprising various operations such as punching holes, edge staining, hand sewing, machine stitching the sections to form the shoe upper. The machinists are highly skilled, requiring excellent hands and eyes coordination.